Peritoneal Dialysis

For people with Kidney Failure or End Stage Renal Disease, they are always recommended to take dialysis, hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis. However, either of the two procedure is completely free of risk. If you decide to do or are receiv

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Common Complications of Peritoneal Dialysis

2014-06-13 02:16

Common Complications of Peritoneal DialysisFor people with Kidney Failure or End Stage Renal Disease, they are always recommended to take dialysis, hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis. However, either of the two procedure is completely free of risk. If you decide to do or are receiving peritoneal dialysis, you should know the common complications of peritoneal dialysis so as to take proper method to deal with.

►Peritonitis

Peritonitis is the inflammation of a thin layer of tissue inside the abdomen. It is the most common complication of peritoneal dialysis. Around 18% of the infection-related mortality in PD patients is the result of peritonitis. It is normally caused by contamination of the dialysis tubing or extension of catheter exit site or tunnel infections.

►Malnutrition

During the process of peritoneal dialysis, many proteins,amino acid and various water soluble vitamins lose, especially when peritonitis, high temperature, and hypertonic solution. Therefore, for those who have a long term of peritoneal dialysis, the protein intake should not be limited any more. If necessary, patients can get nutrition supply from injection through veins. But the patients must have a regular test to make the protein level in the blood and dialyzate.

►Cardiovascular diseases

These diseases include pulmonary edema, heart failure, hypotension and arrhythmia, cardiac arrest, or high blood pressure. During the dialysis, the dialyzate balance should well controlled. The dialyzate volume, weight, heart rate and blood pressure must be carefully tested and monitored.

► Abdominal pain

The common causes are incorrect temperature of dialyzate, wrong PH value, too much high osmotic pressure, or high speed of dialyzate flow.

The listed above are the common complications of peritoneal dialysis. If you have any of the complications, immediate treatment should be taken. You can consult your doctor or ask help from our doctors online.

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