Lupus Nephritis Diagnosis

Lupus Nephritis results from Lupus, or SLE. It is one autoimmune disorder. However, its symptoms are like symptoms of some other kidney diseases. Therefore, some tests are needed to diagnose Lupus Nephritis. Firstly, patients are suspected

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Tests to Diagnose Lupus Nephritis

2014-03-23 01:35

Tests to Diagnose Lupus NephritisLupus Nephritis results from Lupus, or SLE. It is one autoimmune disorder. However, its symptoms are like symptoms of some other kidney diseases. Therefore, some tests are needed to diagnose Lupus Nephritis.

Firstly, patients are suspected to have Lupus Nephritis, when patients have blood in urine, foamy urine, frequent urination at night, swelling, etc. These can be used as the indicators of preliminary diagnosis. To get an accurate diagnosis, the following tests are needed.

- Blood tests

Blood tests can detect the levels of creatinine, urea, uric acid, etc, in the blood. All of these tests can reflect kidney filtering function.

- Urine tests

Urine tests are also taken to measure how well kidneys are functioning, through the levels of protein, red blood cells and white blood cells in the urine.

- 24-hour urine protein

We know healthy kidneys can keep protein in the blood and prevent it from leaking into urine. If the amount of protein in urine is larger than 0.15 g/24h, it means patients have proteinuria. When it is more than 3.5g/24h, it indicates heavy proteinuria.

- Ultrasound

This test uses sound waves to show the image of kidneys, and with this test, doctors can find out the abnormal size and shape of kidneys.

- Kidney biopsy

Kidney biopsy can help detect which kind of antibody or immune complexes build up in the blood. This can be used as one identify check for Lupus Nephritis. Besides, it can guide doctors to make a correct treatment plan and predict your prognosis.

All of the above tests can help determine whether patients have Lupus Nephritis. Besides, patients may also need to do these tests regularly for monitoring their condition even though they are diagnosed with this disease.

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