Kidney transplant refers to a procedure that places a healthy kidney to replace the diseased kidney to work. If it is done successfully, there is a great chance to get rid of dialysis. In this condition, a matched kidney is necessary, generally, the kidney may come from:
Cadaveric donor kidney- a person who has recently died.
Living-related donor- your parents, brothers and sisters or children.
Living-unrelated donor- your spouse or friends.
Generally speaking, kidney transplant is needed when the condition progresses into kidney failure or ESRD. By doing so, this surgery can help expend patients’ life expectancy.
In addition to this treatment, a well-balanced diet, usage of drugs, etc are also needed to treat kidney failure well.
In general, this procedure takes for 3-6 hours. And patients may stay in hospital within 15 days. If other discomforts occurs, you should stay in hospital for a longer time. When you leave the hospital, it is also necessary to do some tests to monitor how your kidneys work.
1.Ages The shorter life expectancy is, the stronger the allograft rejection.
3.Unhealed malignant tumors
5.Myocardial infarction or active tuberculosis
6.AIDs or peptic ulcer
These contraindications usually include obesity, mental disorder, urinary tract infection, primary glomerulonephritis, uncontrolled high blood sugar level.
After kidney transplantation, medicines including immunosuppressive agents will be used to alleviate the rejection reaction. And these drugs can not be stopped without consulting your doctors first.
Vascular complication It accounts for 6%-30%, which can manifest as bleeding, thrombus or artery stenosis.
Urinary system complication such as, ureter stenosis.
Infections(related to low immunity), and bacterial infection accounts for 80%.
Besides, other complications like high blood pressure, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, tumor, etc can also occur.
Relatively speaking, people will have fewer diet restrictions after kidney transplant. However, they still need to make some dietary changes. Such as, low-salt, low-fat, high-fiber, moderate intake of protein, etc. Remember that the diet plan should be based on your specific condition, and both your doctors and dietitian will help.
According to the statistics, the survive rate of transplanted kidney within a year is above 90%. Due to severe allograft rejection, some transplanted kidneys may work for a few weeks. It is generally acknowledged that kidneys come from living donors can work longer than those from cadaveric donors.
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