Kidney failure means patient’s kidneys fail to filtrate out the metabolic wastes adequately, and patients will have the metabolic disorders of fluid, electrolytes and acid-base, which can cause many health problems in patient’s body.
If kidney failure is so serious, people may have this curiosity: what on earth are the causes of kidney failure?
In fact, kidney failure can be divided into acute kidney failure and chronic kidney failure, and their causes are different. Acute kidney failure can be cured if patients can accept treatment timely, while chronic kidney failure has no cure so far.
What can cause patients to have acute kidney failure?
Acute kidney failure means patient’s kidney function toboggans in a short period, and its causes can be mainly divided into three categories.
A major cause of acute kidney failure is prerenal axotemia, which means the blood flow into kidney reduces, but renal parenchyma has not been damaged. Acute intrarenal failure is another category of acute kidney failure, and it is often caused by toxication and renal ischemia. The third acute kidney failure is acute postrenal failure, and it is because patients have bilateral urine flow obstruction.
What are the causes of chronic kidney failure?
While chronic kidney failure is a progressive process, and it needs a long time for patients to have kidney failure and it also needs a long period for patients to lose their kidney function completely.
In fact, chronic kidney failure can also be caused by many factors, like genetic factors, autoimmune disorders, hypertension, diabetes, toxins, bacteria, infection, medicine, etc.
For example, PKD is a typical kidney disease that is caused by genetic factor. Lupus nephritis and purpura nephritis is caused by autoimmune disorder. Diabetic nephropathy and hypertensive nephropathy are the most common reasons of kidney disease.
Thereby, patients should make clear what is the cause of their disease, so effective measures can be chosen to deal with their condition.