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An Overview of Simple and Complex Kidney Cyst

2014-05-05 06:11

An Overview of Simple and Complex Kidney CystA kidney cyst or renal cyst is a fluid collection in the kidney. There are two types of kidney cysts: simple and complex.


►Simple kidney cyst: It is the most common type of kidney cyst and often do no harm.

►Complex kidney cyst: The term “complex cyst” refers to a spectrum of cysts that have different characteristics which can be cancerous.


►Simple kidney cyst

- Thin wall of cyst

- Round in shape with no irregularities

- Filled only with fluid

- No chance of becoming cancerous

►Complex kidney cyst:

- Irregular in shape

- Irregular inside, with walls within the cyst

- Calcifications visual inside the cyst

- Solid material within the cyst that receives a blood supply

- May be cancerous or may become cancerous


►Simple kidney cyst:

Usually, a simple kidney cyst does not result in any symptoms unless it grows into a larger one. On rare occasions, a cyst may cause:

- Dull pain in your side, back, or upper abdomen

- Early satiety (feeling full with little food due to the cyst pushing on the stomach)

- Difficulty breathing

►Complex kidney cyst:

- Hematuria(Blood in urine)

- Urinary tract infection

- Frequent urination

- High blood pressure

- Nausea and vomiting


►Simple kidney cyst:

If your cyst does not cause symptoms or complications, you do not need treatment. However, if you have symptoms, a treatment may have such following steps:

1. A doctor punctures the cyst with a long needle inserted through the skin, using ultrasound for guidance.

2. The doctor drains (aspirates) the cyst and may then fill the empty pouch with a solution that contains alcohol

3. Scarring down the space within the cyst, which is called sclerosis.

If a cyst returns, you may be recommended a surgery. However, compared with a surgery, Chinese therapies like Herbal Medicine and Hot Compress Therapy, have a better curative effect.

►Complex kidney cyst:

Complex kidney cyst are cancerous so that removing or destroying cysts are often adopted by doctors. Therefore, surgeries such as cryoablation, radiofrequency, ablation partial nephrectomy, and radical nephrectomy may be done, according to your illness condition.

The same as the treatment of simple kidney cyst, surgery for complex kidney cyst just has a temporary effect. Improving the kidney function is the key.

Any questions about renal cyst, please leave a message below, or you can contact our experts online directly.

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