IgA Nephropathy is one kind of kidney disease characterized by the inflammation on glomeruli causes by accumulation of Immunoglobulin A (IgA).
IgA nephropathy usually doesn’t cause symptoms in the early stages. The disease can go unnoticed for decades and is sometimes first suspected when routine tests reveal protein and red blood cells in your urine that can’t be seen without a microscope (microscopic hematuria).
There are some signs and symptoms that can indicate IgA Nephropathy.
● Cola- or tea-colored urine (caused by red blood cells in the urine)
● Repeated episodes of cola- or tea-colored urine, sometimes even visible blood in your urine, usually during or after an upper respiratory or other type of infection
● Bubbles in the urine and won’t disappear in a long period (causes by protein leakage with urine)
● Pain in the side(s) of your back below your ribs (flank)
● Swelling (edema) in your hands and feet
● High blood pressure
● Reduced urination without sweating, drinking large amounts of water or dehydration.
When to see a doctor？
The above sings can be caused by other factors such as strong activities, food poison, medicines or infections. However, if you see repeated hematuria, you should tell you doctor immediately. In addition, foamy urine and swelling are always indicated kidney damage, so they should draw your attention.
How serious is IgA Nephropathy?
In the early stages, this kidney disease can be reversed. If left untreated, it will lead to some serious complications such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or Nephrotic Syndrome. More worse, Kidney Failure that can be acute or chronic.
What are the treatments for IgA Nephropathy?
There is no cure for IgA Nephropathy. However, some people can experience complete remission and others live normal lives with low-grade blood or protein in their urine (hematuria or proteinuria).
Medicines are used include: High blood pressure medicines, omega-3 fatty acids, immunosuppressants, statin therapy (for lowering high cholesterol level) and mycophenolate mofetil (Cellcept).
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