High blood pressure and diabetes have been known as the two common causes of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). When CKD develops into Kidney Failure, patient are required to make some diet changes. Here is a general guidance.
First of all, it is very necessary for you to know your illness condition so that you can understand why I give you the following suggestions. Any questions, please email to email@example.com or leave a message below.
Kidney disease caused by high blood pressure
There is a medical term of this condition called “Hypertensive Nephropathy”. High blood pressure narrows the blood vessels, resulting in reduction of blood flow to kidneys. Therefore, the kidneys cannot get enough blood and oxygen to filter wastes, regulate electrolyte balance, producing erythropoietin and vitamins. When GFR (glomerular filtration rate) levels reduces below 15 ml/min, it indicates Kidney Failure.
Diet for Kidney Failure
● Sodium. In this end stage of Hypertensive Nephropathy, sodium intake should be strictly limited. You are suggested to take not more than 2g sodium per day. Avoid processed meats, canned vegetables and soups. Take off your salt shake off the table. Limit high-sodium condiments like soy sauce, BBQ sauce and ketchup.
● Protein. In general, when GFR is below 15 ml/min, patients are suggested to taken 0.6 gram per kg of body weight. However, high-quality protein foods like fish, egg white, lean meat and milk should be taken with enough amount.
● Fat. You are suggested to choose healthier fats when you can, to protect your kidneys and prevent from some complications.
Healthier fat or “good” fat is called unsaturated fat. Examples of unsaturated fat include:
As always, moderation is the key. Too much “good” fat can also cause problems.
The above introductions are for general Kidney Failure patients. In some cases, patients may are asked to limit some other substances such as potassium, phosphorous, carbohydrates or even calcium. You can get more detailed suggestions from our doctors online.