In addition to treatment for kidney enlargement or enlarged kidney, special diet can also help patients alleviate their symptoms. There is some basic dietary knowledge for kidney enlargement patients.
1. Follow a low-protein diet
When protein is broken down, it produces a waste product of urea, which should be filtered into urine by kidney. If patients with kidney disease take in too much protein, it can put a strain on the damaged kidney. The best choice for patients is to take limited amount of protein, which can assure the protein supply and reduce production of urea.
2. Limit the intake of salt
Enlarged kidney may have the problem of regulating water metabolism, causing symptoms, such as swelling. Too much salt will aggravate the symptom. Patients are recommended to have a low-salt diet. Use garlic powder, onion powder or other herbs and spices in place of salt. Try to use less of sauces like ketchup, soy sauce and canned food, since highly processed foods is high salt content.
3. Choose fish as protein supplement
Fish is a good choice for kidney enlarged patients, as it contains high quality protein and omega-3, which has the effect of anti-inflammation. For patients with pyelonephritis, hydronephrosis, fish not only can provide them with protein but also relieve the inflammation. However, not all patients can eat fish, so patients with enlarged kidneys had better consult doctor online firstly.
4. Drink correct amount of water
If enlarged kidney is caused by polycystic kidney disease, patients usually have the symptom of blood urine. Drinking more water can deter clots from forming in the urinary tract. If the reason is kidney stone, patients also need to drink more water. This will help keep your urine less concentrated, reducing the risk of stone formation.
Since the causes of enlarged kidney are various, for each cause there are soe special diets. If patients have kidney stone, they should avoid foods that contain higher amounts of oxalic acid. Soy has the effects of lowering kidney weights and reducing cysts.
Besides the above basic idea of diet, kidney enlargement patients can turn to a dietitian for more individualized dietary suggestions. Our online doctor also can give you professional advices.