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Stages of Diabetic Nephropathy

2014-11-09 01:38

Stages of Diabetic NephropathyDiabetes is known as the leading cause of kidney disease. When high blood sugar level damage the kidneys, Diabetic Nephropathy occurs. There are four types of Diabetic Nephropathy in clinic.

Four stages of Diabetic Nephropathy

Stage one: It is is characterized by enlarged kidneys. The ultrasound shows that the kidneys are 25% larger than the normal size. The urine test results are increased GFR (glomerular filtration rate) and proteinuria is negative.

Stage two: It is called “silence period”. Proteinuria occurs but with micro amount. The leakage of protein in urine might elevate after exercise and return to normal after taking a rest.

Stage three: This stage is the early stage of Diabetic Nephropathy, which is also called “microalbuminuria period”. Proteinuria occurs persistently, reaching up to 20mg to 300mg per day.

Stage four: At this stage, symptoms become more obvious. Proteinuria can be diagnosed during a urine test. The amount of leakage of protein is larger than 0.5g/24 hours. Patients may also experience some other symptoms such as swelling, fatigue, high blood pressure, nausea, vomiting, itchy skin, and so on.

Stage five: This the last stage of Diabetic Nephropathy, namely, End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). Blood pressure has an great increase and kidney function has been severely damaged with GFR (glomerular filtration rate) reducing to less than 10ml/min. Both blood urea nitrogen and creatinine level increase, and swelling becomes more serious. Blood pressure is so high and becomes difficult to be controlled.

Treatments

Treatments for Diabetic Nephropathy should vary from cases from cases. Here is a general introduction of our characteristic treatments. For example, Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy. This therapy is an external application innovated from Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). It has the function of expanding blood vessels, reducing inflammation and degrading extracellular matrixes, thus improving blood circulation and kidney function. Therefore, damaged renal tissues can be repaired so that the kidneys can work normally to regulate blood pressure and maintain water and electrolyte balance.

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