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Relation of Swelling in Foot and Diabetes

2014-10-17 03:52

Relation of Swelling in Foot and DiabetesSeveral physical disorders may cause a relation between swelling in foot and diabetes. Excessive fluid deposited in the muscles and tissues leads to swelling.

What are the causes of swollen feet in diabetes?

1. High blood sugar level

High level of sugar in the blood will disorder lipid metabolism, leading to narrowed and blocked artery. This condition cause ischemia and anoxia in the limbs tissues. Excessive fluid build up, resulting in swollen feet.

2. Diabetic Nephropathy

This medical term refers to one kind of kidney disease caused by Diabetes. On one hand, kidney damage leads to large amounts of protein to leak out, so the plasma osmotic pressure declines, causing fluid accumulate in the body. On the other hand, damaged kidneys fail to maintain water and electrolyte balance. As a result, water-sodium retention occur, which is one of the causes of swelling in feet.

Typically, doctors use blood tests to determine if nephropathy is present.

3. Neuropathy

Neuropathy is a degenerative disease that affects the nervous system. This condition may cause the blood vessels in the legs and feet to not constrict and relax normally. This dysfunction triggers the fluid buildup. Therefore, swollen feet happens. This may the most common culprit of swelling for those who simply have diabetes.

How serious is swelling in the feet due to diabetes?

Neuropathy-damaged nerves cannot send signals of pain and discomfort to the brain; therefore, diabetics often suffer from foot injuries and infections. Often a swollen foot is a symptom of an infected wound or foot ulcer. Sometimes tight shoes create blisters and these become infected. A person who has foot ulcers should consult an endocrinologist or podiatrist. Either of these medical professionals can give a more personalized explanation of the connection between diabetes and swollen feet.

To sum up

Although there is a strong connection between diabetes and swollen feet, many other factors may be the root cause. You should consult your doctor in case of liver, kidney or vascular disease. If you need help from us, you can leave a message below or consult our doctors online.

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