Diabetes is one of the leading cause of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and can even lead to Kidney Failure. When kidney damage is involved, this kind of disease is called Diabetic Nephropathy. Are you also searching for information about meal plans? Well, I can give you some suggestions, guiding you on your meal plans. However, this is for general people. For specific suggestions, you can email to email@example.com or consult the doctors online directly.
► General dietary guidance
● Choose foods that are refined processed.
● Control protein intake: In general, the doctor recommend 0.6 ~ 0.8 g/kg body weight of high-quality protein intake. Meanwhile, reduce the intake of plant protein such as beans, bean products, nuts, grains, etc.
► Change diet plant according to different stages of disease
● Early stage of Diabetic Nephropathy
Stage 1 and Stage 2 Chronic Kidney Disease can be reversed. Controlling blood sugar level and blood pressure level is the first step. Next, patients are required to take low-protein and low-cholesterol diet. Foods with rich unsaturated fatty acid are also recommended.
● Symptomatic stages
At this stage, kidneys are mildly or moderately damaged. As a result, proteinuria possibly occurs. Doctors will change your amount of protein intake, adding the leakage amount of protein in urine on your diet. Choose animal protein with various essential amino-acids and low cholesterol.
While you are taking low-protein diet, you should ensure your body can get enough calories. Foods like taro, potato, Chinese yam, pumpkin, etc.
If swelling on legs, feet, ankles happens, sodium should also be limited.
● Advanced stages of Diabetic Nephropathy
At this stage, patients should increase their protein intake especially they are on pre-dialysis. During the first six days of a week, 0.6g/kg body weight is suggested. Potassium, phosphorous and sodium are limited. Calcium supplements should also be considered.