CKD Stage 4 Diet

Stage 4 kidney disease indicate the kidneys are moderately damaged with Glomerular Filtration Rate of 15-30ml/min. Even though stage 4 kidney disease is irreversible, it can be stopped or delayed progressing into kidney failure. A healthy d

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Stage 4 Kidney Disease Diet Plan

2014-06-15 06:12

Stage 4 Kidney Disease Diet PlanStage 4 kidney disease indicate the kidneys are moderately damaged with Glomerular Filtration Rate of 15-30ml/min. Even though stage 4 kidney disease is irreversible, it can be stopped or delayed progressing into kidney failure. A healthy diet plan for stage 4 kidney disease patient plays an important role. Let’s see what can or can not be included in this special plan.

The general principles of stage 4 kidney disease diet plan:

► Low quantity but high-quality of protein: It is the most basic principle. Many patients may have proteinuria because many proteins leak out of the body. If patients take too many foods rich in protein, their kidneys will have to work more to discharge the waste production of protein metabolism. It will burden the kidneys and cause more severe damage. However, as protein is an essential nutrition for the body and many proteins leak out, patients with stage 4 kidney disease cannot be strictly limited to take protein. In that case, foods that contain high-quality protein are recommended. White egg, lean meat, and milk are all OK for them. Normally, 0.6-0.8g protein of the weight each day is good.

► Low salt intake: It is much more important and patients with stage 4 kidney disease must limit the salt intake. At this stage of kidney disease, the kidneys are with advance damages, failing to filter excessive sodium in the blood. As a result, swelling or high blood pressure often appears. Therefore, foods that contain much salt like pickles, sausage, bacon, and so on, should be kept away from the patient. Taking less than 3g sodium is recommended. Fresh vegetables and fruits can be taken, but the patient should talk with his or her doctor because other elements like potassium and phosphorous need to be limited.

► Moderate quantity of calory and trace elements: Patients at stage 4 kidney disease who have gastrointestinal problems will have a poor appetite, nausea or vomiting, which will lead to weight loss. At this time, they need calories and trace elements to provide energy for the body. Generally speaking, 30-35 kilocalorie is needed. However, the amount should be carefully calculated, taking the patient’s height and weight.

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