CKD Stage 3 Diet

To control kidney disease well, you should not only manage your medical treatment, but also control your diet. Here are some diet recommendations. Hope they can help you.

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Diet Recommendations to Kidney Patients

2017-06-14 08:53

To control kidney disease well, you should not only manage your medical treatment, but also control your diet. Here are some diet recommendations. Hope they can help you.

Diet Recommendations to Kidney Patients

In general, kidney patients should follow a principle of 5 Low and 1 High, namely low salt, low fat, low potassium, low phosphorus, low high quality protein and high vitamin diet.

1. Low salt and low fat

It is advisable for renal patients to eat salt 3g/per day, no more than 6g, especially when you have swelling and high blood pressure, because too much salt intake can add insult to injury.

2. Low phosphorus

Kelp 6 Honey 7 Mango 8  Apple 10  White radish 11
Coagulated pig blood 11 Wax Gourd 12 Egg white 12 Cucumber 18 Green pepper 21
Pawpaw 22 Celery 23 Lemon 23 Tomato 24 Banana 24
Grape 27 Litchi 27 Cauliflower 30 Pumpkin 30 Eggplant 30
Chinese chives 31 Onion 33 Spinach 36 Carrot 42 Rice 51
Eel 54 Winter bamboo shoots 55 Cabbage mustard 56 Potato 58 Bread 67
Fried bread stick 79 Streaky pork 83 Lean Pork 123 Preserved meat 128 Mutton 134
Shrimp 139 Soybean sauce 153 Tofu 169 Carp 174 Lean beaf 177
Duck meat 190 Mushroom 190 Chestnut 191 Agaric 210 Chicken 230
Duck egg 232 Egg 238 240 Pig kidney 246 Sausage 265
Peanut 392 Wheat 405 Cereal 451 Soybean 506 Pork liver 521


From the above table, we can see that vegetables and fruits contain less phosphorus than meat. It is not suggested to eat those foods which contain phosphorus higher than 100mg. And you had better control phosphorus intake within 900mg per day, in case that it causes electrolyte disturbance.

3. Low potassium

-Low potassium foods: it refers that 100g food contains less than 150mg potassium. The commonly eaten foods include onion, pumpkin, zucchini, wax gourd, eggplant, watermelon, grapes, apple, crab apple, pear, pineapple, etc.

-Foods that contain moderate potassium: it refers that 100g food contains 150-250mg potassium. The commonly eaten foods include fresh potatoes, taro, carrot, white radish, cabbage, celery, blanched garlic leaves, garlic bolt, shallot, cucumber, luffa, bitter gourd, tomato, bell peppers, muskmelon, oranges, etc.

-Foods high in potassium: it refers that 100g food contains over 250mg potassium. The commonly eaten foods include fresh pea, hyacinth bean, Chinese yam, lotus root, chufa, pakchoi, oilseed rape, spinach, edible amaranth, asparagus lettuce, garlic sprouts, green Chinese onion, cauliflower, mushroom, tremella, agaric, kelp, nori, nectarine, apricot, red date, haw, bananas, etc.

If your blood potassium level is high, you can eat foods contain low or moderate potassium. And the potassium consumption should be controlled into 2g per day.

4. Low high quality protein

Protein intake should be controlled into 20-40g. Milk, egg white, lean meat, fish and so on are all high quality protein. A bag of milk contains about 8g protein, and 2 eggs contain 7g protein.

5. High vitamin

CKD patients usually have anemia. Vitamin C supplement can help absorb iron so as to improve anemia. Tomatoes, green leafy vegetables, fresh date, watermelon, cucumber, oranges, kiwi fruits and so on are all good sources of vitamin C.

The above diet recommendations are just for reference. If you would like to get a personalized guidance on treatment, you can leave a message below or contact online doctor.

 

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